What Are the Different Types of Wood Cladding?

Wood cladding has been a favoured architectural element for centuries. Not only it provides natural charm, but it also has practical benefits for buildings.

Various timber cladding options are available in the market. In this guide, we will focus on the three prominent varieties, and these are:

  • Tongue and Groove (T&G)
  • Shiplap cladding
  • Feather edge cladding

Each offers unique characteristics and advantages. Read on and discover the beauty and versatility they can bring to your outdoor living spaces!

Tongue and Groove Cladding

T&G cladding is a popular cladding technique favoured for its seamless installation. It involves using boards with specially shaped edges that fit snugly together. This method of construction creates a tight interlocking joint.

The “tongue” is a protruding ridge on one edge of the board. Meanwhile, the “groove” is a corresponding channel on the opposite edge. This interlocking design ensures that each board fits precisely with the next. Overall, tongue and groove cladding results in a flush and continuous surface.


The tight fit achieved by tongue and groove wood cladding offers numerous advantages. One key benefit is its exceptional weather resistance, reducing warping or rot risk. All thanks to the joint that prevents moisture from penetrating between the boards. T&G enhances a structure’s durability, making it an ideal long-term investment.

Tongue and groove cladding finds applications both indoors and outdoors. Indoors, it is commonly used for accent walls, ceilings, and cabinetry. Outdoors, it is a go-to choice for exterior cladding on facades and garden structures.


Installation can be more time-consuming. It may also require professional expertise to achieve a flawless finish. Additionally, wood expansion due to varying humidity levels should be considered. This is particularly important during installation to prevent potential gaps over time.

With proper installation and maintenance, you can never go wrong with T&G overall. It can deliver both aesthetic appeal and long-lasting performance to any building project.

Shiplap Cladding

Shiplap is a distinctive cladding style characterised by the overlapping of boards. It creates a clean and uniform appearance, with boards featuring a unique profile. To put it simply, there’s a rabbet or groove along one edge and a corresponding tongue on the other. This construction technique allows them to fit seamlessly together.

The term “shiplap” finds its origin in shipbuilding. In the past, wooden ships were built using this method to create watertight and robust hulls. It was proven effective in keeping water out. Eventually, it transitioned from ships to architecture. And today, it became a popular choice for both interior and exterior cladding.


One key pro of wood shiplap cladding is its excellent water resistance. The overlapping design acts as a natural barrier against moisture. This protects the underlying structure from potential damage.

Moreover, the design accommodates the natural expansion and contraction of wood. Thus, reducing the risk of warping or cracking over time.


Proper installation is crucial to maintain its resistance to water qualities. It’s also essential to address any potential gaps between boards. Regular maintenance, including sealing and repainting, is necessary, to add.

Overall, shiplap wood cladding remains a timeless and practical choice. It exudes charm and character while protecting the integrity of buildings.

Feather Edge Cladding

Feather edge is a versatile and low-cost wood cladding option. The defining feature of this style is the boards’ tapered shape, with one end being thicker than the other. These boards are installed horizontally. The thicker end overlaps the thinner end of the adjacent board. This creates a visually appealing and weather-resistant surface.

The installation process involves layering the boards from bottom to top. Each successive row overlaps the one below it. This overlapping design ensures effective water runoff and protection against the elements.


One of the main advantages of feather edge cladding is its cost-effectiveness. Its straightforward installation process also appeals to both DIY enthusiasts and professional builders.

Feather edge cladding is well-suited for a range of architectural styles and environments. From traditional countryside cottages to modern urban homes, to name a few. Its rustic appearance adds character to buildings while effectively providing weatherproofing and insulation.


Regular maintenance is essential to maintain feather edge cladding’s longevity and appearance. Do periodic inspections for signs of wear and repainting or resealing as needed. This will help ensure the timber cladding’s continued protection against the elements.


Tongue and Groove cladding offers a seamless and weather-resistant solution. Meanwhile, Shiplap Cladding showcases a timeless overlapping design rooted in shipbuilding history. Feather Edge Cladding proves to be a cost-effective and versatile choice.

Each type brings its unique charm and benefits. So, for your next project, consider the beauty and durability that wood cladding can bring. If you have more inquiries, don’t hesitate to contact TimberX, and our helpful team will be happy to help!